Criminal law research papers

criminal law research papers

kills, injures or commits other criminal acts against the inspectors shall. Article 315 Any criminal who is held in custody according to law commits any of the following acts, thus undermining the order of prison administration, if the circumstances are serious, shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than three years: (1) beating. Where any withholding agent fails to pay or fails to pay in full the withheld or collected taxes by cheating or concealment, and the amount is relatively large, he shall be punished under the preceding paragraph. Article 175 Whoever, for the purpose of making profits through transferring loans, fraudulently obtains credit funds from a banking institution and transfers the funds to another at usury shall, if the amount of illegal gains is relatively large, be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not. Article 191a Whoever spreads hoaxes of explosive, poisonous or radioactive substances, of infectious-disease pathogens or of other substances, fabricates terrorist information invoking explosive, biochemical, radioactive or other threats, or intentionally disseminates terrorist information while clearly knowing that it is fabricated, thereby seriously disturbing public order. Where an employee of a bank or other banking institution grants loans to his connections in violation of State regulations, he shall be given a heavier punishment in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph. If found guilty, an offender may be sentenced to a form of reparation such as a community sentence, or, depending on the nature of their offence, to undergo imprisonment, life imprisonment or, in some jurisdictions, execution. The crime mentioned in this Article shall be handled only upon complaint.

Article 4 The law shall be equally applied to anyone who commits a crime. The Laws of the Earliest English Kings. Where a department at a higher level compels a registration office and its staff member to commit the acts mentioned in the preceding paragraph, the leading members of the department who are directly responsible for the offence shall be punished in accordance with the provisions. Section 8: confiscation OF property Article 59 Confiscation of property refers to the confiscation of part or all of the property personally owned by a criminal. Breaches of private law ( torts and breaches of contract ) are not automatically punished by the state, but can be enforced through civil procedure.

Each week, practitioners are faced with the challenge of keeping track of developments in the criminal law.
Such is the pace of change, so great is the volume of new material, and so varied are the sources that keeping abreast of developments unaided is an impossible task for the busy and successful practitioner.
In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.
The term "crime" does not, in modern criminal law, have any simple and universally accepted definition, though statutory definitions have been provided for certain purposes.
The most popular view is that crime is a category created by law; in other words, something is a crime if declared as such by the.

Article 9 This Law shall be applicable to crimes which are stipulated in international treaties concluded or acceded to by the People's Republic of China and over which the People's Republic of China exercises criminal jurisdiction within the scope of obligations, prescribed in these treaties. Whoever conspires with the person mentioned in the preceding two paragraphs to engage in embezzlement shall be regarded as joint offenders in the crime and punished as such. Whoever, in addition to the crime mentioned in the preceding paragraph, kills, injures, rapes, or abducts and sells the persons for whom he makes arrangements to illegally cross the national border (frontier) or commits other criminal acts against them or kills, injures or commits other. A criminal group refers to a relatively stable criminal organization formed by three or more persons for the purpose of committing crimes jointly. Article 133a Whoever races a motor vehicle on a road with execrable circumstances or drives a motor vehicle on a road while intoxicated shall be sentenced to criminal detention nick montgomery thesis on virginia woolf and a fine. Legislation must conform to a theory of legitimacy, which describes the circumstances under which a particular person or group is entitled to make law, and a theory of legislative justice, which describes the law they are entitled or obliged to make. Where a unit commits any of the crimes mentioned in the preceding two paragraphs, it shall be fined, and the persons who are directly in charge and the other persons who are directly responsible for the crime shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not. Whoever steals money or property by committing the crime mentioned in the preceding paragraph shall be convicted and given a heavier punishment in accordance with the provisions of Article 264 of this Law. Article 36 If a victim has suffered economic losses as a result of a crime, the criminal shall, in addition to receiving a criminal punishment according to law, be sentenced to making compensation for the economic losses in the light of the circumstances.

criminal law research papers

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