manipulating clients to act in ways that therapists determined as healthy. Zur documents how the "do not blame the victim" approach has stopped the exploration of victims' characteristics, victim typology and the complex system of victims and perpetrators. The women in same-sex relationships also reported being sexually satisfied. These authors (i.e., Dineen, 1996; Laing, 1985; Masson, 1989; Spinelli, 1998; Szasz, 1997) view therapists' power as coercive and inherently abusive and generally damaging to clients. Narrative therapy (White Epston, 1990) is aimed at helping clients narrate their lives consciously and reflectively and, if necessary, to rewrite a more helpful narrative. Very often they assume the stigma or label of being "mentally ill "mentally deficient" or "mentally impaired." As such, they are, almost by definition, in a lesser position of power. Humanistic therapists view the idea of "being with" clients rather than controlling or directing them as a crucial element for effective therapy and healing. "A marriage crisis is likely to shift wildly between wanting to leave and wanting to work it out over a period of one or two years. "Unknown" therapists can easily become mysterious and powerful in the eyes of their clients. This type of power is also closely related to above-mentioned legitimate (type #1) and professionalism (type #3) types of powers.
The Manufacture of Madness: A Comparative Study of the Inquisition and the Mental Health Movement, Syracuse Univ Press. Therapy and counseling can be very slow, frustrating, and, at times, stalled. They view power primarily as unitary, monolithic and unidirectional. Like many cultures and societies, much of modern society's effort to deny death is based on symbolic systems allowing people to feel heroic, because when we achieve heroism, we feel that we have transcended our mortality. Manufacturing victims: What the psychology industry is doing to people. The schizophrenic or demented patient, while perhaps inclined to file a complaint, might not pose a credible threat to a psychotherapist, since he or she might impeach the credibility of the complaint by blending whatever could have happened with situations, which are very unlikely. In an effort to avoid exploiting the trust and dependency of clients, marriage and family therapists should not engage in sexual intimacy with former clients after the two years following termination or last professional contact.