in order to bring their listeners to ruin. In other words, what is perceived as good is actually bad; what is perceived as bad is good. Other commonly occurring words that help maintain the mood of the play are terrible, horrible, black, devil, and evil. Ross, a Scottish lord, then arrives to report the coup de grâce: Duncans forces have vanquished the Norwegians and a Scottish defector, the thane (lord) of Cawdor. (1.3.142-154) The final words of his responsenothing is but what is notsum up Shakespeares theme of contradiction. After the Roman Empire collapsed in the late Fifth Century AD, its former territories in central Europe had to fend for themselves. The Franks continued to stand as a protective bulwark under Martel's successors, Pepin the Short and Charlemagne. Later, preoccupied with the fear of being discovered, Macbeth begins to suspect that Macduff, who refused to attend the feast, is onto him. Lady Macbeth attempts to hearten him, telling him not to dwell on brainsickly things (2.2.58).
Shakespeare completed the play probably by 1605 but no later than 1607. Personification Personification is a type of metaphor that compares a place, a thing, or an idea to a person, as in the following examples. However, fearing for their own lives, they flee ScotlandMalcolm for England and Donalbain for Ireland. With his dying words, Banquo tells his son: "O, treachery! Protagonist The protagonist (main character) is Macbeth. But Macbeth does not wait for revenge to visit him. But she fears he lacks what it takes to do the deed. So they tempt him to do evil by planting the suggestion in his mind that he will one day become king. His boldness and impression of personal invincibility mark him out for a tragic fall. Notable"tions From the Play, citing This Study Guide: MLA and APA Examples.